The organization chart is a diagram showing graphically the relation of one official to another, or others, of a company. It is also used to show the relation of one department to another, or others, or of one function of an organization to another, or others. This chart is valuable in that it enables one to visualize a complete organization, by means of the picture it presents.
A company's organizational chart typically illustrates relations between people within an organization. Such relations might include managers to sub-workers, directors to managing directors, chief executive officer to various departments, and so forth. When an organization chart grows too large it can be split into smaller charts for separate departments within the organization. The different types of organization charts include:
- Line Organization Chart
- Line and Staff Organization Chart
- Functional Organizational Chart
Line Organization Chart shows the way in which authority flows from top to bottom. Authority means having the right or power to command.
Line and Staff Organization Chart combines to show line or main relationships and staff or supporting relationships within an organization.
Functional Organizational Chart meane that business activities are structured according to the basic functions being undertaken by the organization.
There is no accepted form for making organization charts other than putting the principal official, department or function first, or at the head of the sheet, and the others below, in the order of their rank. The titles of officials and sometimes their names are enclosed in boxes or circles. Lines are generally drawn from one box or circle to another to show the relation of one official or department to the others.
Different types of Organizational Charts
LINKS TO VIDEOS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CHARTS
- In groups of four (4) students will be ask to construct a Simple Organization Chart of their of their school.
- Define what is an Organizational Chart.
- Explain the difference between Line Organizational Chart and Line and Staff Organizational Chart.
ANSWERS FOR ACTIVITY
A Simple Organizational Chart of a School
Define what is an Organizational Charts
An Organizational Chart is a diagrammatic representation of the structure and reporting relationships within an organization.
Explain the difference between Line Organizational Chart and Line and Staff Organizational Chart
A line organizational chart shows the level of authority flowing only from top to bottom in an organizatonal structure while in a line and staff the organization structure combines to show line or main relationships and staff or supporting relationships within an organization.